Data Center

The Path to 5G is Paved with Cloud Mobility

by asardell on ‎05-01-2017 07:10 PM (3,693 Views)

As mobile data traffic continues to grow exponentially, there’s widespread preparation for 5G networks, the Internet of Things (IoT), and machine-to-machine communications.  These technologies are preparing to support a worldwide customer base that looks forward to smart cities, autonomous vehicles, and high speed multimedia over broadband anywhere and anytime.

 

To support these applications, 5G-capable networks will support:

 

  • Mobile data volumes that are 1000 times faster than today
  • 1000x more devices than are connected today
  • Peak data rates that are 100 times greater than today
  • Service deployments that take 1/1000 the time they currently take
  • One tenth the power consumption of current networks
  • Five nines reliability, with one-fifth the latency of current networks

 

What all this means in terms of total connectivity is illustrated in Figure 1.

 

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Figure 1: 5G System Capabilities in terms of Speeds and Connections

 

Operators are preparing to support hundreds of billions of network connections, largely driven by machine-to-machine traffic from the IoT.  

 

How Quickly Are Operators Embracing This?

 

In February, Verizon announced plans for 5G testing in 11 cities during 2017, and NTT DoCoMo announced plans for 5G NR (New Radio) interoperability testing to begin within a year. 

 

These operators and others, including KDDI, Softbank, SK Telecom and Korea Telecom (KT) are releasing early specifications so that vendors can supply them with infrastructure such as 5G air interfaces and radio access technologies to accelerate throughput well before the complete standard is released in 2020. KT, in particular, wants to offer 5G’s higher data rates and reliability in advance of the 2018 Olympics.

 

To further accelerate rollouts, many operators have are performing open trials to share results and further accelerate rollouts.

 

And what does this imply about the architecture of networks at the mobile edge?

 

Central Offices Become Data Centers

 

To create a low latency, high bandwidth environment that can accelerate 5G-capable services and applications, mobile operators are putting IT and cloud computing intelligence into the Radio Access Network (RAN).  This allows services to be applied more quickly and intelligently, closer to the devices, users, and things that leverage them.

 

As the data centers move closer to RAN (Figure 2), the advantages of mobile edge computing kick in: congestion is reduced and applications perform better.

 

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Figure 2: Importance of Data Center in the 5G World (Source: Intel)

 

For example, vertical applications such as those connecting vehicles, or requiring real-time interactions (such as augmented reality) benefit from the low latency and improved bandwidth that results from closer proximity to subscribers. And in order to support these and other emerging applications, disparate traffic types need to be analyzed, categorized, and processed accordingly. 

 

Steering Traffic to Relevant Analytics 

 

As operators chart the course to 5G and migrate to software-based, virtualized network infrastructures, their visibility and analytics infrastructure must follow suit. This is where network packet brokers (NPBs) become critical infrastructure. The ability to reduce the load on the Big Data architecture is critical, and NPB’s play a critical role in filtering out the “noise” from   network traffic and sending the most relevant metadata to the Big Data layers.

 

Gartner points out that “network bandwidth and capabilities continue to grow faster than processing and storage technologies. NPBs help solve this problem by massaging data before handing it off to tools, and these mediators are becoming critical to build-out and upgrade projects.”

 

A sample of the decisions that need to be made in order to properly handle these traffic flows include:

 

  • Are subscribers being treated fairly and according to their service level agreements?
  • Are the locations of all subscribers and other connected entities correctly identified?
  • Are subscribers and connected entities associated with the right cell towers?
  • Is all traffic secure and free from intrusion or DDoS attacks?
  • Is video and voice being handled properly, whether the requirements are real-time or asynchronous?

Brocade’s Session Director: In Production Today

 

Brocade’s Packet Broker Architecture (Figure 3) is in use today in numerous Tier 1 service providers in every theatre. In addition to the packet brokering technology itself, the solution is anchored in the Session Director, which includes a Visibility Manager and software-defined session intelligence for scalable, on-demand mobile network visibility. 

 

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Figure 3: Brocade Packet Broker Architecture

 

This architecture supports legacy as well as emerging 4G and 5G mobile networks, providing traffic aggregation and replication at scale. A large number of analytics tools make flow requests via APIs in real-time and receive the flows they require on-demand (in under 1 millisecond).
 
To achieve the scale and performance needed for 5G and IoT, Brocade has continued on the path of innovation to disaggregate the hardware packet broker by introducing a virtualized packet broker supported by all SLX and MLX platforms.

 

And of course, based on recent acquisition news, all-in-one analytics offerings that include in-house traffic analysis at the Tbps range for millions of flows are just around the corner!

 

Call to Action

 

As operators chart the course to 5G and migrate to software-based, virtualized network infrastructures, their visibility infrastructure needs to follow suit. To find out more, contact your Brocade representative and/or check out the links below.

 

Videos

 

Brocade Pages and Collateral

 

Analyst Briefs